Matteo Ricci’s Chinese World Map, 1602. Scalable digital version available at the Tohoku University Library website. And Registan has a map of the Turkic world (the Diwan Lugat Al-Turk) by Mahmud Kashgari, who is considered a Uyghur intellectual hero. Even better, Strange Maps (blocked in China) has Kashgari’s map with a legend! China is #8 on the right, the curved green line coming out of the larger green semicircle. The larger green semicircle? That’s Japan! Kyrgyzstan, naturally, is the center of the world.